Joint Custody & Child Support in New York
Amongst the hardest things to deal with when getting divorced is providing for the best interests of any children of the marriage. What some parents immediately think about is child support. The parent who is deemed to be the residential parent is the parent entitled to child support. While that is easy enough to understand, it becomes tricky when both parents are residential parents, i.e. the children live with both parents exactly fifty percent of the time. Many parents do this under the misconception that if they split the children exactly fifty percent of the time, child support will not be an issue. This is not true as the parties in Leonard v. Leonard, found out in June of 2013.
The parties began an action for divorce and the issue revolved around child support. The father was granted sole legal custody of the children. This means, that while the parties should endeavor to consult each other regarding major decisions affecting the children, in the event the parties cannot agree, the father is the one who has final decision making authority. Despite this determination, the parties were granted joint residential custody of the children. The custody arrangement called for the children to spend exactly half the time with the father, and half the time with the mother. Father earned approximately $134,000.00 a year and the mother earned approximately $14,000.00 a year, though the court imputed $25,000.00 a year income on the mother.
It is well settled that in a shared residency arrangement, where neither party has the children for the majority of the time, the party with the higher income is deemed to be the noncustodial parent for purposes of child support. Thus, the father, who made more money, was ordered to pay child support to the mother. Here is the rational that the law relies on. An award of child support will best ensure that the children of the marriage will receive the maximum benefit of their parents resources and continue to enjoy, as close as possible, their pre divorce standard of living. In other words, the Court wants to ensure that the children can enjoy living with both parents as much as possible.
When dealing with custody of your children, people often think about joint custody, sole custody, shared custody and child support. Here is a simple way to think about these complex issues. First and foremost, where are your children going to sleep? Both parents generally want to be the residential/custodial parent, i.e. the parent where the kids will reside. The benefits of being declared the residential/custodial parent include, having your children live with you, final decision making authority, and child support. Amazingly, child support is a battle. It is simply amazing the amount of cases where the issue is simply the payment child support. One way people try and avoid this is to split the children equally. As we have seen, this is a misguided approach to avoiding child support. First and foremost, it requires the children to move from parent to parent practically every week. Once the children are school aged, this may not be in their best interest. Additionally, you need to consider whether avoiding or getting child support by disrupting your children’s schedule is what’s best for them. In all likelihood, it is not.