How Much Maintenance Will A Court Award?

To begin, maintenance may be defined as payments made from one spouse to another at fixed intervals in accordance with an agreement between the parties or as a result of an award by the Court. In determining whether maintenance is appropriate and the amount and length of such maintenance, the Court will rely on factors set forth in the Domestic Relations Law § 236, Part B. When considering the twelve factors set forth in §236, the Court will analyze all the available information having regard for the standard of living of the parties established during the marriage, whether recipient lacks sufficient property and income to provide for his or her reasonable needs and whether the obligor has sufficient property or income to provide for the reasonable needs of the other spouse.

The factors the Court must consider are: (1) the income and property of the respective parties including martial property distributed as part of equitable distribution; (2) the duration of the marriage and the age and health of both parties; (3) the present and future earning capacity of both parties; (4) the ability of the party seeking maintenance to become self-supporting and, if applicable, the period of time and training necessary thereof; (5) reduced or lifetime earning capacity of the party seeking maintenance as a result of having foregone or delayed education, training, employment, or career opportunities during the marriage; (6) the presence of children of the marriage in the respective homes of the parties; (7) the tax consequences to each party; (8) contributions and services of the party seeking maintenance as a spouse, parent, wage earner and homemaker, and to the career or career potential of the other party; (9) the wasteful dissipation of marital property by either spouse; (10) any transfer or encumbrance made in contemplation of a matrimonial action without fair consideration; (11) the loss of health insurance benefits upon dissolution of the marriage; and (12) any other factor which the court shall expressly find to by just and proper.

Essentially, maintenance is awarded to a party to allow them time to get on their feet. You are not entitled to, nor are you obligated to pay, maintenance to keep the awarding party in a life style on par with the pre divorce standard of living. However, maintenance will be awarded to a party to allow them to “get on their feet.” So for example, if one spouse is a doctor making $300,000.00 a year and the other spouse was not working at all, it is clear that the Court should award maintenance. What if, in contemplation of the divorce, the unemployed spouse gets a job? What if that job pays $70,000.00 a year? Maintenance will in all likelihood still be awarded. First, in this example, the new job just began. The Court will recognize the fact that the nonworking spouse, who just obtained employment, is probably not in the position to rent another place to live. The Court will consider the fact that instead of working and saving money, the spouse was financially dependent on the doctor. Therefore, things like paying for the first month, last month and security deposit will be challenging at best. How about a car to get to this new place of employment? Second, the Court will consider, not only the pre divorce standard of living, but will also consider the disparity of incomes between the two parties in fashioning an award. Because the spouse has obtained employment, the duration of the award may not be as long, nor as much, however with a $230,000.00 gap between the two parties, a maintenance award in all likelihood be awarded.

LEARNING POINT: Maintenance is a complicated matter. The “reasonable needs” of a party is hard to define. The disparity in incomes and other factors will be considered by the Courts in fashioning a just award. The one to be most aware of is the twelfth factor, “any other factor which the court shall expressly find to by just and proper.” This is the catch all which allows Courts the discretion to make a decision based on anything they want! Contact us immediately to allow us to give you the best legal advice possible.

How Much Maintenance Will A Court Award?

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